Effects Of Tdcs In The Treatment Of Pain In Fibromyalgia: A Systematic Review

Alisson Alexandre da Silva 1; Elaine Kakuta 1; Francisca Jessica Lima dos Santos Costa 1; Eduardo Henrique Loreti 1

  1. Centro Universit√°rio da Grande Dourados (UNIGRAN)

OBJECTIVE: To systematize and discuss the effects of tDCS in the treatment of pain in patients with fibromyalgia when compared or associated with other techniques.

METHODS: Articles published in the period from 2015 to 2020 selected from the Scielo, MEDLINE and PEDro databases were included. Selected articles were evaluated using the PEDro scale, those that did not obtain a score greater than or equal to 6 were excluded.

RESULTS: Eight articles were selected, with a total of 304 individuals. 5 articles demonstrated positive effects of anodic stimulation on M1 and 3 on CPFDL (Table 1). Studies have shown that the technique is safe and has few adverse effects, which are mild.

CONCLUSIONS: ETCC proved to be effective in modulating pain in patients with fibromyalgia

TABLE. Characteristic of the included trials

 VNS: Visual numerical scale; SF36: general health-related quality of life; BDI: Beck depression inventory; PST: Pain sensitive threshold; VAS: Visual analogue scale; FIQ: Fibromyalgia impact questionnaire; PCS: Pain catastrophizing scale; PCP:S: Profile of chronic pain screen; IDATE: State trait anxiety inventarier; MPQ: McGill pain questionnaire; WPI: Widespread pain index; SS: Fibromyalgia symptom severity; MFIS: Modified fatigue impact scale. HADS: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; SCL-90R: Symptom Checklist 90; NRS: Numerical rating scale.

KEYWORDS: Fibromyalgia; Transcranial direct current stimulation; Chronic Pain.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS: None

FUNDING/FINANCIAL SUPPORT: None

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21801/ppcrj.2020.S1.38