Conflict of Interest Policy

A declaration of competing interests (when they exist) is essential to ensure the PPCRJ has all the necessary information throughout the peer review and publication process to prioritize the readers' interests. It is not always possible to exclude all competing interests, and although they do not comprise an admission of wrongdoing or an automatic disqualification for a manuscript - full disclosure constitutes an essential step to ensure adequate conduct of all PPCRJ authors, reviewers and editors within and beyond the publication process. 


As a practical guideline, any competing interest that could embarrass you or any PPCRJ stakeholders should it become public information after your work was published is best highlighted within the disclosure form to be completed by each named author at the time of manuscript submission.


Possible conflicts include and are not limited to:


  • Financial conflict - present or anticipated paid employment or consultancy, ownership of stocks or shares, royalties, present or anticipated research funding and grants (including salaries, resources and any additional expenses), present or anticipated patents, gifts and donations; Travel grants and honoraria for speaking or participation at meetings;


  • Non-financial conflict - unpaid affiliation or membership in an organization, unpaid expert witness, unpaid role on an advisory board, personal conflict be it political, religious or other that is related to an article’s topic and may result in bias, personal relationships with those involved in the submission or evaluation of an article (this includes friend, family member, spouse, current or previous mentor, etc, who are authors, reviewers, editors or members of the PPCRJ’s editorial board).


PPCRJ ensures that all conflicts of interest are clearly detailed online, and in each published article.